Nation Remembers Savitribai Phule, India’s First Female Teacher, on 193rd Birth Anniversary


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Maharashtra, India, January 3, 2024: Today, India celebrates the 193rd birth anniversary of Savitribai Phule, a pioneer of women’s education and social reform in the country. Savitribai’s unwavering dedication to breaking down barriers and empowering women through education continues to inspire generations.

Born in 1831 in Naigaon, Maharashtra, Savitribai faced societal constraints from a young age. Married at the tender age of nine, she defied societal norms by pursuing education alongside her husband, Jyotirao Phule. Recognizing the transformative power of education, especially for women, the couple established the first girls’ school in Pune in 1848. This courageous act challenged the deeply entrenched patriarchal traditions of the time.

Savitribai’s fight for equality extended beyond education. She actively campaigned against caste discrimination and untouchability, opening up schools for Dalit children and even establishing a shelter for widows. Her tireless efforts earned her the title of “Mother of Indian Feminism.”

Savitribai’s legacy lives on in countless ways. Her birthday, January 3rd, is celebrated as Balika Din (Girl Child Day) in Maharashtra, highlighting the importance of educating girls. The University of Pune was renamed Savitribai Phule Pune University in her honor in 2015, and her inspiring story continues to be taught in schools across India.

Remembering Savitribai Phule is not just about celebrating her past achievements, but also about rekindling her spirit of social justice and inclusivity. In a world that still grapples with gender inequality and discrimination, her life and work offer a powerful message of hope and resilience.

As we commemorate Savitribai Phule’s birth anniversary, let us recommit ourselves to carrying forward her torch. Let us strive to create a world where education is accessible to all, and where every girl has the opportunity to reach her full potential.

Here are some additional ways to celebrate Savitribai Phule’s birth anniversary:

  • Organize or attend events that raise awareness about her life and work.
  • Read books or watch documentaries about her.
  • Volunteer at organizations that work to empower women and girls.
  • Donate to a scholarship fund for girls’ education.
  • Share her story on social media using the hashtag #SavitribaiPhuleJayanti.

By taking action, we can ensure that Savitribai Phule’s legacy continues to inspire generations to come.

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